There are five different chemical types of kidney stones. We can prescribe a 24-hour urinalysis to determine the type based on chemical composition.
The five types are:
After your first attack of kidney stones, there is an 80-90% chance of recurrence within the next 10 years. Knowing which kind of stone you are prone to can aid in choosing a diet that reduces or prevents recurrences.
For all stone types, the best lifestyle change to reduce recurrences is to restrict sodium and drink 3 liters or more of fluids per day.