Potassium and Sodium are electrolytes that are essential to maintaining your optimal health and are necessary for your cells to function in the body. Imbalances in either Potassium or Sodium can cause serious health hazards, most importantly affecting the heart and brain.
Hyperkalemia (High Potassium in blood)
Hypokalemia (Low Potassium in Blood)
Especially important for Patients afflicted with Chronic Kidney Disease.
(If you have Chronic Kidney Disease)
1_ Monitor your diet and avoid consuming excess amounts of food that are high in potassium (refer to above chart).
2_ Ask your Kidney Doctor to review your list of medications on each visit.
3_ If you are using vitamins or herbal medications, review them with your doctor.
4_ Have your doctor check your potassium level routinely as needed.
What are the causes of Hyponatremia (Low sodium in body)?
What are the causes of Hypernatremia (High Sodium in Blood)?
No- Not Always! Usually symptoms will occur when levels of electrolytes become more out of range from normal values, therefore having your Kidney Doctor monitor your blood levels on each visits will help detect early abnormalities with your potassium or sodium balances, and therefore help to treat them early on, in order to optimize your health.
Very Serious! High levels of potassium can cause fatal heart conditions, which are dangerous to your health. This is especially important when you have new onset kidney failure or chronic kidney disease. The most common two causes of high potassium in your body are a) new onset kidney failure b) eating high potassium diet, refer to chart above which indicates common foods high in potassium.
Diuretic medication (usually given for patients with swelling of legs or heart problems). Never abruptly stop these medications without first talking to your doctor as not every patient on diuretic develop hyponatremia.
If you have chronic kidney disease or have ever had any of the above electrolyte imbalances mentioned (Potassium or Sodium), make an appointment with a Kidney Doctor to discuss possible causes and prevention methods to keep your health optimal and avoid complications.